Ability Beyond Boundaries

فراسوی معلولیت

Disability Models

Disability Models

In contrast to the medical interpretation that views disability as a result of biological deficit, the social model emphasises social oppression as the main cause of disablement, while the affirmative model provides a positive alternative representation for people with disabilities.

Medical Model

The biomedical approach to disability mainly focuses on the person and resists consideration of environmental factors.

  • Disability is restriction or lack of ability due to impairment
  • Person with disability is identified as someone whose body doesn’t function properly or looks different
  • Disability is an individual problem that results from something wrong with the person
Social Model
  • Disability is a disadvantage caused by the system of social structure and control
  • It is society’s failure to remove the social, economic, and environmental barriers
  • The disability movement increases public awareness of disability discrimination and changes attitudes towards disability.
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Affirmative Model
  • Positive social identities, both individual and collective,
  • Affirming that a positive identity can encompasses impairment as well as disability
  • Disability is a difference that should be celebrated as it can enrich people’s lives